What is Bonsai?
Bonsai is a technique used to grow trees and has its origin in Asia. This method is linked with bonsai which is the art of training a potted tree to grow in a particular way. Trimming the roots and branches usually results in a dwarfed tree. The branches are then tied to the trunk by wires so that the root system balances with the top of the plant. Each part of the tree has to be proportional; from the trunk to the leaves.
Bonsai growing is practiced on several sizes and species of trees. A small bonsai will grow 2 inches tall, while the average bonsai will grow to 2 feet. Although growing a bonsai tree is considered to be a form of art it can be very challenging. There are certain things you should know if you decide on a bonsai gardening project.
Bonsai thrives best in soil that is well drained. When the plant is growing in the summer, add water once per day. During winter, water once each week.
While too much water will will cause the roots of the bonsai tree to rot, too little water can be harmful as well. While it is necessary to water the bonsai tree often, the water should be pH tested before it is used, and if necessary should be adjusted to be more acidic.
Growing a bonsai tree in a shallow dish of water will provide the humidity it needs. Never allow it sit directly in the water because the roots will become oversaturated, place the tree on rocks in the water instead.
The bonsai plants, like most plants, will flourish in a soil that is slightly acidic. What this means is that the pH level or the level of basicity and acidity should be in the range between 5.5 and 6.5. A neutral pH level is 7.0. If you want to ensure that you have the right pH level for your bonsai tree, take a sample of the soil you plan to grow it in and get it tested by an extension officer in your locale. The test will specify the soil’s pH level and will let you know whether or not you need to make any adjustments to the soil.
A typical bonsai soil is a mixture of organic and inorganic matter. The usual soil mix for bonsai is 75% inorganic and 25% organic matter. However it may differ subject to the needs of the specific bonsai. Gravel, clay or sand can be used for the inorganic component, and the organic component can be mulch and dead plant matter.
The most rewarding experience for enthusiastic bonsai tree growers is the training and nurturing they are able offer to the trees. Because the bonsai tree is not being grown in its natural environment, you’ll have to make certain that you make available all that it needs to grow strong and healthy. To take good care of your bonsai tree, you have to provide it with enough watering, ideal soil conditions, feeding and training. Once these conditions are met, you will enjoy seeing healthy bonsai trees in your home.