In order to properly organize a garden, knowing the full cycle of bean plant growth can allow you to take full advantage of the bean growing season, optimizing the amount of beans you get for the effort that you put in. All types of beans, ranging from the common snap pea to chick peas, are a healthy addition to any diet. High in protein, the bean is one of the founding ingredients in a vegetarian’s diet, as well as an great side dish for those with a liking for meat.
For those working a garden, the first stage of bean plant growth is the seed. While these seeds may be slightly more expensive, the overall increase of bean plants growth is worth the investment, especially if you intend on having a larger garden.
To maximize bean plant growth, planting should be done when the temperature drops no lower than 61 degrees F or 16 degrees C. If the temperature drops below this level, your plants will not germinate, and may die.
Once your seeds are planted, the time it takes for the plant to hit the seedling stage ranges from three to approximately forty days, with the median being eleven days. A seedling is a very young plant that has just begun to break the surface of the soil. This phase of the bean plant growth cycle is vital, as a healthy seedling will mature into a robust plant. If your crops are planted too early, your crops will be unhealthy and the volume of crop gained later in the cycle will be smaller.
From the point that your crop has become a seedling, it takes an average of at least fifty days for your plant to produce pods and be ripe for harvest. This means that there is most likely only one grow cycle for beans in a year. Planting of beans should occur no earlier than march to ensure that your plants have had adequate time to grow during the season before fall frosts strike. Frost can serious harm bean plant growth, and care should be taken to avoid this. In colder climates, this can be tricky, as the time needed for bean plant growth is closely tied to when frosts end and begin.
The bean plant is an annual plant, which means that it can renew itself for at least three growing seasons. However, many gardeners will completely till the soil, killing the old bean plants and planting new each season to make certain that the bean plant growth cycle avoids frost from harming their crops.